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What is the mission of the SEO?
The Enforcement and Compliance (formerly Import Administration) Subsidies Enforcement Office (SEO) main mission is to confront unfair foreign government subsidization through monitoring, analysis, counseling and advocacy services on behalf of U.S. producers and exporters.

How does the SEO achieve its mission to assist U.S. businesses?
The SEO has a mandate under Section 281 of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA), to: (1) coordinate U.S. countervailing duty (CVD) and multilateral subsidies enforcement efforts, and (2) assist U.S. producers and exporters faced with unfair subsidization of competitors abroad. The SEO continually monitors foreign governments’ compliance with their obligations under the WTO Subsidies Agreement. In addition, the SEO tracks and analyzes information on trade-distorting subsidy practices worldwide, and advises U.S. producers and exporters on the options under U.S. trade remedy laws for confronting such practices. The SEO also presses these concerns through bilateral and multilateral contacts, including at the WTO.

Does the SEO have China-related functions?
Monitoring and confronting Chinese subsidies practices has been a key focus of the SEO. Our research helped us identify significant omissions in China’s first subsidy notification to the WTO, including many prohibited subsidies, which we are urging China to eliminate.

Where can we find information on foreign subsidy programs?
The SEO has created a subsidies library, which is available to the public via the internet. The goal is to create an easily accessible one-stop shop that provides user-friendly information on foreign government subsidy practices.

Where can we find the subsidies library?
The subsidies library is accessible online at the following address:

What information is available in the subsidies library? The subsidies library has copies of decisions from countervailing duty investigations conducted by Enforcement and Compliance, which contain information regarding the subsidy programs investigated.

How is the subsidies library organized?
We have made some changes to the library. Decisions issued before 2007 continue to be accessible at Decisions issued in 2007 and later are accessible in a new database at, which features enhanced searching capabilities.

How do I search for decisions or subsidy programs in the new database?
Decisions contained in the new library can be retrieved by entering or selecting search terms in the search fields (boxes) provided, and then clicking on the “search” button. Additional search fields are available by clicking on “Link to Advanced Search.” The results page displays the decisions containing information that meet the search criteria. Leaving a search field blank will retrieve all decisions that meet the criteria selected in other fields. Leaving all search fields blank will retrieve all decisions in the database. Decisions regarding investigated subsidies contained in the old library can be searched by country and type of program.

The results page only shows the case titles, but no information about the programs investigated?
Yes, the results page only shows case titles and a list of all the programs investigated. Clicking on the title will pull up the decision document itself, which is usually in PDF format. The document can then be searched by using the “find” feature of your browser or by pressing the “Ctrl + F” keys, and typing in the words to be searched.

Subsidy Programs
WTO Notifications
Reports to Congress